Arcus senilis condition of the eye that is harmless and is mostly noticed in elderly people. It is characterized by the production of yellowish or gray ring around the periphery of cornea.
The ring in most people is found in both the eyes. In random situations, the circular ring may be noticed only in one eye.
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Cornea is dome shaped front part of the eye which is transparent. Light comes in through the corner into the deeper areas of the eye. Arcus senilis consists of cholesterol deposits. The deposits are initially found at 6 and 12 o’clock area of the circle, but the deposits gradually form a ring which is circular.
Men are more likely to get arcus senilis than women.
Although the condition doesn’t affect sight, the ring has medical importance if it is found in people lower than 40 years. It may be a sign of elevated cholesterol level in the blood. These persons should exercise more care and consult their physicians as they have the possibility of suffering from coronary artery disease at younger age.
What Are The Causes Of Arcus Senilis?
Arcus senilis consists of cholesterol deposits. It is a circular ring in the periphery of cornea. Most of the people above 70 or 80 years develop the yellowish or gray circular ring around the corneal periphery. Cornal arcus is more frequent in people who have African or Asian origin in comparison to Caucasians.
Men are more likely to develop arcus senilis in comparison to women. Arcus prevalence is elevated as both women and men age. The peripheral corneal opaue ring in mostly found in people who smoke or have had elevated blood pressure for many years.
Arcus sebilis formation in people below the age of 40 may be a sign of hyperlipidemia as the ring is formulated if crystals of lipid deposits. Family history of hypertension is mostly noticed in those below the age of 40 and have arcus senilis.
Symptoms Of Arcus Senilis
Arcus senilis is a condition which is harmless and doesn’t produce ant symptoms asides from the opaqe ring in the front part of the eyes which is very obvious. The ring can be viewed with the naked eyes. Nonetheless, in some situations, if it is a moderate arc, the ring can be seen well by an ophthalmologist using his eye instruments.
In most situations, arcus senilis can be found in both eyes. Bit in few situations, the ring may be viewed in only one eye. In such situations the possibly of minimized circulation of blood in the eye which isn’t involved is considered.
How To Get Rid Of Arcus Senilis?
An old person experiencing arcus senilis doesn’t need treatment as it doesn’t result in any harm to the eye or the body. Nonetheless, if the corneal arcus is experienced in anyone under 40years he has to exercise care. He should carry out preliminary blood tests for triglyceride and cholesterol to cancel the probability of hypercolesteremia.
Although there is no evidence to confirm this, sit has been suggested by studies that such people have a higher tendency of suffering from coronary artery disease. The risk is even elevated when these persons have zanthalesma underneath the eye. They are fat deposits under the eye due to elevated cholesterol in blood.
If arcus senilis is found in only one eye, it may be a sign of reduced blood supply to the other eye.